Hyperactivity usually decreases over the years. However, even if the movement is not seen, in many cases people report that they feel restless or nervous inside. This disorder occurs fairly stably until adolescence but in some cases, it practically disappears upon reaching adulthood.
The adults with attention deficit can be identified because:
- They talk a lot and seem to have great energy.
- They are impatient.
- They usually make more mistakes than average.
- They start projects with a lot of energy but have a hard time finishing them.
- When they are sitting, they usually fiddle with an object that they have in their hands or nervously move their feet.
- They get bored easily, so they change from one task to another constantly.
- They are cataloged as forgetful and distracted
- Is hyperactivity in adults always linked to attention deficit?
In the clinical field, a differentiation is made. Attention Deficit Disorder can be found with or without Hyperactivity (ADHD) use medicines from Naturactin, which in turn is composed of three subtypes: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive or combined, in which case the attention deficit coexists with hyperactivity and impulsiveness.
The inattentive guy has difficulty concentrating because he easily gets distracted. However, in this case, that excess activity is not appreciated, the child or the person who suffers from it may be sitting quietly but his mind is elsewhere, he is distracted, so he makes mistakes easily. It is estimated that this subtype represents 30% of ADHD cases.
In the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type, what predominates is the activity, the child or the person is not still, constantly interrupts, responds precipitously and acts impulsively. The problem is that this excess activity normally also affects attention capacity.
This means that ADHD can vary according to the degree of hyperactivity and impulsivity, but there is usually a problem at the base
- Is there a relationship between hyperactivity in adults and anxiety disorders?
Anxiety does not cause hyperactivity, although both disorders can coexist.
It is estimated that between 20-40% of children and adolescents with ADHD and half of adults also suffer from an anxiety disorder
In the same way, ADHD can make anxiety worse. Concern for the symptoms and problems caused by this disorder can generate great stress that ends up overflowing the psychological resources of the person and leads to the appearance of an anxiety disorder.
- Is it important that the family and work environment know that the person has an attention deficit? How can they help?
ADHD is a disorder, so it is important that the person suffering from it finds the help they need in the environment where it is developed. In fact, in childhood, it is essential that parents promote a well-structured environment in the home and know how to deal assertively with the situations that can be generated as a result of this problem. The same happens in adulthood, especially in relationships.
The work environment is no different. In fact, young people with ADHD or ADHD often have difficulty accessing the labor market, usually due to a lack of training or professional skills since this disorder increases the risk of school failure.
However, people with attention deficit can do their job very well when they are motivated and their ability to respond is very fast. They are usually people with great creativity and extroverts, so the important thing is that they find a job that they can fit in, what motivates them and in which to develop their qualities and aptitudes.
In general, to help someone with ADHD it is essential to be very understanding and empathetic. It is also important to show that your effort is valued and, whenever possible, create an environment that facilitates the achievement of the objectives.
- How does this condition affect the life of the sufferer?
The attention deficit has profound repercussions on the life of the adult. For example, it has been appreciated that adults with ADHD are more likely to suffer traffic accidents since they tend to develop reckless driving and also have less job stability, especially due to their impulsivity. In addition, they are more likely to resort to substance abuse. They also find it more difficult to maintain a stable relationship and often fall into risky sexual behaviors. In fact, these people usually divorce twice as much as the average.
- Do hyperactive people have a greater tendency to apathy or dissatisfaction?
Although hyperactivity is related to excess energy, many of the people who suffer from ADHD can also manifest motivational difficulties caused by poor performance.
It is likely that this apathy is generated by the fact that the person with ADHD is easily bored, so it is difficult to maintain the intrinsic motivation necessary to bring their projects to fruition.
- Is hyperactivity, on a daily basis, banalized?
Many of the psychological disorders are banalized, including depression, anxiety and, of course, attention deficit disorder. The problem is that the popular idea that many of these disorders depend on willpower still persists, it is not understood that there is a physiological basis.
On the other hand, many people are not fully aware of the consequences that ADHD can have, first for the child and then for the adult, they think it is only a problem that is solved by paying more attention. From this perspective, there is still a long way to go, even in schools, where these children are often listed as lazy or hooligans.
- Can hyperactivity be eliminated or is it a lifelong condition?
If we assume that ADHD is a problem with a neurobiological basis in which there is an alteration that affects the maturation of some brain areas, we can understand that it does not “cure”, in the literal sense of the term. However, many people manage to develop strategies that allow them to deal with symptoms, so that they do not represent a limitation in their daily lives. The good news is that, among all psychological disorders, ADHD has a good prognosis. It is estimated that only 20% of hyperactive children continue to suffer very intense symptoms in adulthood.
- What is the approximate percentage of prevalence of hyperactivity in adults? How many of them receive psychological treatment?
According to the DSM5, its incidence in the adult stage is 2.5%, although it is difficult to refer to precise data since many adults with hyperactivity have never been diagnosed. In fact, they often receive the diagnosis when they take their children to the consultation and inquire into the family history. The problem is that this disorder has up to 75% genetic component.
Even so, it is much easier to diagnose ADD in an adult since it can be analyzed all his life in retrospect, while in childhood, the characteristics of childhood make diagnosis difficult at an early age.
- How can you improve the life of a hyperactive person with psychological therapy?
When the diagnosis is made and proper treatment is offered, the chances of these people improving are very good. In the case of children, it is estimated that 2/3 of them manage to lead a normal life with the combination of psych educational and pharmacological treatment, although the latter is not necessary in all cases, only in the most serious. In adults, therapy also has benefits, but there is no doubt that if we detect the problem as soon as possible we can avoid and prevent many of the future problems in adulthood.
In the course of therapy techniques are taught so that this person changes some of the habits that are feeding the disorder. You are also taught to better manage your time and control impulsivity , as well as to focus your attention.