A web page is composed of one or more html documents related to each other through hyperlinks (links). In addition, these documents may contain other elements such as images, sounds, multimedia animations, applications.
The hyperlink is usually called “web link” or in its Anglo-Saxon version “link”. A hyperlink is a connection from one page to another destination, such as another page or a different location on the same page. The destination is often another Web page, but it can also be an image, an email address, a file (such as a multimedia file or a Microsoft Office document) or a program. A hyperlink can be either text or an image. Programming language: Language with which a web page is developed.
Editor: Program used to create web pages without the need to learn the language. Examples: M. FrontPage 2000 and Macromedia Dreamweaver. Server: Machine connected to the Internet that – among other services – offers a web page shelter making them accessible from any point on the Internet. FTP Client: Program that allows you to connect to the server to publish web pages. Hosting: Web hosting . Disk space where web pages are stored so that they are accessible through the Internet. Domain:
Web address associated with a web page. ISP: In the field of website development, it can be said that an ISP is a web service provider. The different services they can offer are: Internet connection, domain registration, website hosting, services of services counters, free guest books, web statistics, among others. URL:
(Universal Resource Location) A string that provides the Internet address of a Web site or a World Wide Web resource, along with the protocol by which the site or resource is accessed. The most common type of URL is http: //, which provides the Internet address of a Web page. Other types of URL are gopher: //, which provides the Internet address of a Gopher directory, and ftp: //, which provides the network location of an FTP resource.
Applets: Programs developed from zyppia with Java to improve the presentation of Web pages that make animations, games and user interaction.
Frames (frames: Rectangular areas that subdivide the windows of some Web pages, each of which contains a hypertext document independent of the others. Webmaster: A webmaster is responsible for creating, designing, structuring, layout, publishing, promoting and maintain a website Tables: Element to distribute information evenly and in tabular form on a web page Banner: Graphic element with rectangular shape, normally animated, whose content is advertising Image: Graphic file that can be inserted into a Web page and show in a web browser .
There are different formats: GIF, JPEG, BMP, TIFF, WMF and PNG, among others. Properties: Characteristics of a current Web element, such as the title and URL of a Web or the name and initial value of a form field. You can also specify properties for page elements such as tables, charts, and active elements.
First step: Obtain web hosting
To publish our web page on the Internet, we must save our web page on a server. A server is – among other things – a machine that stores (hosts) web pages allowing them to be accessed from the Internet.
There are two types: free and paid.
– The free ones usually offer little space and also include advertising.
– Those of payment, usually offer quality services and robustness depending on the contracted service.
The free ones are companies that offer web space for web pages in exchange for automatically inserting them into advertising. Normally they offer between 10 and 30 Mega Bytes of space. Pages usually load more slowly on these types of servers. They usually offer other complementary services such as visit counters, option to create guest books, discussion forums and so on.
Paid web hosting providers have the characteristics of offering greater speed and robustness. Most companies offer a great diversity of “packs”, where each “pack” is a set of services and / or features that define the hosting, these characteristics can be: – Amount of web space to house the files that form the Web.
– Maximum transfer. This amount is a cap that is composed of the traffic generated by the transfer of files to the server as well as the file traffic generated by web visitors.
– Number of email accounts: Number of email accounts associated with your domain
– Possibility of registering a first level domain (.COM, .NET, .ORG, …)
– Database number .. etc.
– Supported programming language: PHP (on Linux servers) and ASP (on Windows servers)
Second step: hire an account
Once we have decided if we are going to hire free or paid web hosting, we will proceed to create an account:
– If it is free: We will enter the provider’s website and fill in the appropriate forms to create the account.
– If it is paid: We will enter the company’s website, select the product that best suits our needs, and then make the payment.
Once we have the web space account created (already free or paid), we must have at least the following information:
FTP address : similar to this: ftp.namedomain.com
Username (Name chosen by us or provided by the company): Username Password or account password: *******
Web address (url) of the control or configuration panel .
Publish the web page
Through an FTP client (program to connect to the server) we will access our web space and there we will deposit our web page (html documents, used images and other files).
To do this, you can download the freeware program NICO_FTP (from the ” Downloads” section of this website).
The use of all FTP programs is very similar.
Then I briefly explain the NICO_FTP program:
1. In the “FTP” Menu, we will click on the “Connect” command, and in the window that appears we will click on the “New” button to configure our hosting account.
By clicking on “New” a window appears that we must fill in with the data provided by our web hosting provider.
Once filled in, we will click “Accept” to save the configuration.
2. Once we have configured our account, we will click on “Connect” to connect to the server so we can access our assigned web space.
The NICO_FTP program offers window browsers, one on the left and one on the right. In the window on the left we can explore our hard drive and on the right we can explore the content of our web space and manipulate it (delete, make copies …)
The transfer of files from our computer to the server, is to select all files that make up our website and then in the “Transfer” menu we will click on the “Send files” command (This can also be done by clicking on the green arrow icon).
From this action, the transfer process from our PC to the server will begin. Once the process is finished, the page will be available on the server, therefore, it can be accessed from the Internet.